If a child has just one poop accident during the maintenance phase of encopresis treatment, some parents and pediatricians mistakenly think that the child is constipated again and needs (another) cleanout. Logically, one accident alone, by a child who is on a laxative and has been having regularly large, softer-than-normal bowel movements, is not indicative of a re-occurrence of constipation. Therefore, in this situation, a cleanout is unnecessary.
The correct response in this situation would be to wait and observe what happens in the days that immediately follow the accident. If accidents continue, what is the consistency of the stool? Is it softer or firmer than it has been? If softer, consider decreasing the laxative dose. If firmer, consider increasing the laxative dose. A cleanout should only be considered if the child goes 24-48 hours or more between bowel movements and/or his or her stool turns dark brown in color.